Generally known by its Latin name, Cannabis sativa, cannabis has historically been thought of as consisting of at least two types, indica and sativa, which are believed to differ in terms of places of origin, height, and leaf shape. Hybridization and other selective breeding has made it more difficult to generalize about these groups in terms of effects, however there are recognized differences between the two types.

Indica

  • Generally higher in tHc,also contains cbd
  • Often contains high concentrations of terpenes like myrcene
  • Originated in present-day Pakistan and Afghanistan, particularly in the Hindu Kush mountain region

Sativa

  • Generally lower in THC, sativa strains are bred for industrial hemp products such as paper or textiles
  • Often high in terpenes like limonene
  • Originated in present-day Southeast Asia, and equatorial regions in South and Central America

Hybrid

Most strains available today are hybrids, a genetic cross between indica and sativa plants. They are purpose-bred to yield specific characteristics from their parents.